The Republic of South Africa is a state in southern Africa. It is a parliamentary democracy comprising nine provinces which is located at the southern tip of Africa, with a 2,798 km (1,739 mi) coastline on the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. South Africa is known for a diversity in cultures and languages. Eleven official languages are recognized in the constitution. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world and is comparable in size to Colombia. Njesuthi in the Drakensberg at 3,408 m (11,181 ft.) is the highest peak in South Africa.
Several important scientific and technological developments have originated in South Africa - the first human-to-human heart transplant, a vaccine against Yellow Fever, x-ray Computed tomography and crystallographic electron microscopy techniques. These advancements were all (with the exception of transplant) recognized with Nobel Prizes. Sydney Brenner won most recently, in 2002, for his pioneering work in molecular biology. (source)
Thank you Peter and Annabel!