Amsterdam is the capital and largest city of the Netherlands, with an urban population of 1,364,422. The city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country. It comprises the northern part of the Randstad, the sixth-largest metropolitan area in Europe.
Its name is derived from Amstellerdam, indicative of the city's origin: a dam in the river Amstel. The city is the financial and cultural capital of the Netherlands. Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, and 7 of the world's top 500 companies are based in the city. Amsterdam's main attractions, including its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, Anne Frank House, its red-light district, and its many cannabis coffee shops draw more than 3.66 million international visitors annually. (source)