Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic, located in the southeast of the country. It was founded in 1243, although the area had been settled since the 5th century. As of December 2010, the population is 404,747. Brno is the capital of the South Moravian Region, the seat of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, the Supreme Court, the Supreme Administrative Court, the Supreme Prosecutor's Office, and the Ombudsman. Traditionally, Brno has served as the capital of the historic land Moravia. (source) Thank you Jan!