Shimon Peres (born Szymon Perski on 2 August 1923) is the ninth President of the State of Israel. Peres served twice as the eighth Prime Minister of Israel and once as Interim Prime Minister, and has been a member of 12 cabinets in a political career spanning over 66 years.
Peres was elected to the Knesset in November 1959 and, except for a three-month-long hiatus in early 2006, served continuously until 2007, when he became President. Peres is the world's oldest de jure head of state. (source)
Bethlehem is a Palestinian city in the central West Bank of the Jordan River, near Israel and approximately 8 kilometers south of Jerusalem, with a population of about 30,000 people. The Hebrew Bible identifies Beit Lehem as the city David was from and the location where he was crowned as the king of Israel.
The New Testament Gospels of Matthew and Luke identify Bethlehem as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The town is inhabited by one of the oldest Christian communities in the world, though the size of the community has shrunk due to emigration. Bethlehem has gone from being 90 to 30% Christian because the town has lost most of its land to Israeli settlements – land once owned by the town's Christian families. (source)
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